Social Science Quiz 1
When ethical relativism is put into practice, it implies that
Answer: we cannot say that slavery is wrong if the society in question believes it is right.
Morality and self-interest
Answer: can sometimes conflict.
Accepting a moral principle
Answer: generally involves a desire to follow that principle for its own sake.
The famous experiments by social psychologist Solomon Asch show
Answer: even temporary groups can pressure people to conform.
Which of the following is not one of the four basic kinds of law?
Answer: contractual law
Our relationship with the law is best described by which of the following?
Answer: To a significant extent, law codifies a society's customs, norms, and moral values.
How did Aristotle view morality?
Answer: It's necessary for us to try to be virtuous or excellent human beings.
The following is a logical fact.
Answer: All sound arguments are valid arguments.
When religion and morality are considered,
Answer: the moral instructions of the world's great religions are often general and imprecise.
If an argument is valid, then
Answer: its conclusion must be true, if its premises are.
Which of the following characteristics distinguishes moral standards from other sorts of standards?
Answer: moral standards take priority over other standards, including self-interest
Which statement is true concerning moral principles and self interests?
Answer: Morality serves to restrain our purely self-interested desires so that we can all live together.
The authors use the murder of Kitty Genovese to illustrate
Answer: bystander apathy.
The divine command theory implies that
Answer: stealing is wrong only because God commands us not to steal.
Choose the statement that is a true reflection of moral behavior.
Answer: Bystander apathy appears to result in part from diffusion of responsibility.
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